At the beginning of the III century a.C. the village on Capo la Timpa was finally abandoned.
We do not know exactly the following settlement model, but archaeologists assume that in the Roman era the territory of Maratea housed a disused settlement, with small nuclei joined by the great patrician maritime villae.
One of these villae was found at the Secca di Castrocucco, where findings also testify the presence of a fish farm.


The Vicus in the Roman era

The territory had to be subjected to the leadership of a vicus; site perhaps in the area of the modern village of Fiumicello-Santavenere, where in the nineteenth century you could still see the ruins of some ancient structures described by the scholar A. Lombardi, including those of a temple that popular tradition wants dedicated to Venus for then be transformed into a Christian sacellum, and then the origin of the toponym; or from a political-religious area on the top of Mount S. Biagio, where findings from the Roman-Imperial era have been found and a place designated by tradition as the site of a temple dedicated to the goddess Minerva.

Anchors & Amphorae

The main archaeological emergency of the Roman period is, rather than the coast or the hinterland, the small island of Santo Janni, in whose depths the largest deposit of Roman anchors and amphorae in the Mediterranean has been found.

These finds, now on display in the perennial exhibition of underwater archeology at Palazzo De Lieto, are the most direct testimony of the importance of the Roman Maratea, whose name we ignore, in the panorama of ancient maritime businesses: anchors were left on the seabed by ships that they traveled through the Mediterranean, from Rome to Sicily, from Spain to the African coasts.

go to : Medioeval Maratea


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