BASILICATA OR LUCANIA ?
Origine del nome Lucania
Another legend reports the name of Lucania to the Osco-Sabellian population of the Lucani, led by the mythical Lucus, barbarians from central Italy who settled in an area that goes from the current Paestum in Campania and passing from Maratea to the mouth of the Lao river in Calabria. and extended up to the Ionian Sea (the so-called Great Lucania, see below).
All this around the fourth / fifth century BC.
Basilicata & surrounding
( Rocco Papaleo, Basilicata Coast to Coast )
"Basilicata, nice discovery!" is the lucky slogan of a recent tourism promotion campaign in the Lucanian area which aims precisely to make the beauties and secrets of this region known to the world.
To get a little taste of these hidden corners we have chosen, among the various documentaries made,
Dreaming in Italy
a beautiful video to understand what Basilicata is, directed by Matthew Brown with music by Reid Willis and made as part of the Digital Diary Basilicata Project.
La Terra della Luce
A last suggestive hypothesis takes up the legend that wants that a people of Samnites headed south, arrived in a land from which the sun could be seen rising, therefore "land of light" that is Lucania.
In 1200 A.D. for the first time the name Basilicata appeared, from the Greek Basilikos, a term with which the Byzantine rulers of the region were called.
The current administrative borders were defined by Napoleon in 1806, creating the province of Basilicata with the capital Potenza.
After the brief parenthesis with the restoration of the name Lucania during the Fascist period, with the Republic the Region returned to being called Basilicata, giving rise to the only case of a Region in Italy, and perhaps in the world , whose name of the inhabitants does not derive directly from the toponym of the Region: in fact the residents in Basilicata are called Lucanians.